Enactment of the Law for Political, Professional and Labour Rights of Women and Children, which requires married women to have their husbands’ permission to work. Isabel Villar’s exhibition, University Club, Barcelona.
  Dolores Ibárruri becomes the first woman President of the Communist Party of Spain.
María Campo Alange founds the Seminar of Sociological Studies of Women.


Publication of Women in Spain: One Hundred Years of History (1860-1960) by María Campo Alange. First solo show by Amèlia Riera at Belarte, Barcelona. María Antonia Dans wins the Villa de Paris award.


From exile in London three Spanish anarchists decide to re-launch the newspaper first published in 1936 Mujeres libres. Esther Boix and María Girona join other artists to found Estampa Popular Catalana.


The magazine Cuadernos para el diálogo publishes a special issue devoted to women.
First translation to Catalonian and Castilian Spanish of Betty Friedan’s The Feminine Mystique and Simone Beauvoir’s The Second Sex.
Birth of the Democratic Women’s Movement within the PCE (Spanish communist party).


Ana Peter’s exhibition at the Edurne gallery of Madrid, “Images of Women in Consumer Society”. Mari Chordà begins the series Vaginal.


Chordà produces the series Autorretrats embarassada. Núria Pompeia publishes her illustrated book Maternasis.


Creation of the Castilian Association of Housewives.
Lidia Falcón publishes Women and Society: Analysis of a Reactionary Phenomenon. Dorothée Selz, Miralda, Joan Rabascall and Jaume Xifra produce their first “ceremonial” in Paris.
Juana de Aizpuru opens her gallery in Seville.


Publication in Castilian Spanish of Monique Wittig’s Les guérillères. Isabel Oliver initiates the series of paintings Woman.
Esther Ferrer’s action Intimate and Personal is performed for the first time.
Esther Ferrer, Paz Muro and Soledad Sevilla participate in the Pamplona gathering.
Carlos Pazos conceives Ni se compra ni se vende.


Olga Pijoan performs the action TRA-73 at the Association of Architects of Barcelona.


The series Misses by Ángela García Codoñer is shown for the first time at the Association of Architects of Valencia and Murcia.
1975 International Women’s Year.
1st Women’s Liberation Meetings, Madrid. The exhibition Contemporary Women in Culture held at the Fuensalida Palace of Toledo, curated by Isabel Cajide. As an expression of protest against International Women’s Year, Paz Muro performs the action The Jenny Loaded with Medals in Madrid. Marisa González begins the series Violence, Women and Maternity.
Translation into Castilian Spanish of Carla Lonzi’s Let’s Spit on Hegel and other writings on female liberation.
Founding of the Front d’Alliberament Gai of Catalonia (FACG) after the death of the dictator.
Victòria Sau publishes the Manifesto for Women’s Liberation.


1st Catalonian Meetings of the Dona. Fina Miralles presents the performance Standard at Galería G in Barcelona. Eugènia Balcells exhibition Supermarcart at Vinçon venue in Barcelona.
Foundation of the magazine Vindicación Feminista.
Autobiography of a Sexually Emancipated Communist Woman by Alexandra Kollontai is translated.


1st Feminist Meetings of Euskadi. Juan Hidalgo produces Biozaj apolíneo, biozaj dionisíaco. Montse Clavé publishes the comic Doble jornada.
  Creation in Madrid of the Homosexual Front of Revolutionary Action. Founding of the Col.lectiu de Lesbianes of Barcelona. First solo show by Paloma Navares, “Installation”, Propac gallery of Madrid.
  The feminist bar-library laSal opens on Riereta street in Barcelona.
  UCD government’s creation of the General Sub-Directorate of the Feminine Condition


Approval of the Spanish Constitution Abolition of article 416 of the Civil Code, which outlawed female adultery and regulated the use of contraceptives. Eulàlia Grau presents Discriminació de la Dona in Sala Tres in Sabadell. Fina Miralles and Pilar Palomes participate in the Venice Biennale.


2nd National Meetings Granada. The discrepancies between advocates of single and double militancy and between difference feminism and equal feminism are accentuated.
  Lidia Falcón founds the Feminist Party.
  1st National Gathering of Lesbians, Madrid.
The first Seminar of Women’s Studies (SEM) is launched at the Autonomous University of Madrid, promoted by María de los Ángeles Durán.


Eugènia Balcells participates with Boy meets girl in the International Showcase of Women’s Films in New York.
  Itziar Elejalde produces the installation Penelope for the Gathering of the Women’s Assemby of Euskadi.


Legalization of FACG, the first homosexual organization in Spain. Juana de Aizpuru promotes the launch of the ARCO art fair. In the first iteration there is a 4% participation of women artists.
  Meetings on abortion rights, Madrid.
Approval of the divorce law.


Founding of DOAN, Dones Antimilitaristes.
2nd National Lesbian Meetings, Valencia.
The research centre DUODA is founded at the University of Barcelona, sphere of difference feminism studies.
Creation of the Women’s Institute. Paz Muro produces the performances The Precious and Red Mill at ARCO 83.
Esther Ferrer produces The Book of Sex.


Exhibition Women in Spanish Art (1900-1984), Conde Duque centre in Madrid.
Law legalizing abortion in three scenarios. First International Women’s Film Festival. Congress The Image of Women in Spanish Art, Autonomous University of Madrid.
3rd National Feminist Meetings 10 Years of Feminism, Barcelona, Llars Mundet.
Publication of Toward a Criticism of a Patriarchal Reasoning by Celia Amorós.


Gisela Ecker has Feminist Aesthetics published in Spanish.
Ana Casas begins her series Diet Notebook (1986-1992).
Estrella de Diego publishes Women and 19thCentury Painting: Four Hundred and Some Forgotten.
Laura Mulvey’s Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema is translated. Susana Solano (together with Jorge Oteiza) represents Spain at the Venice Biennale.
Opening of Ca la Dona feminist women’s centre in Barcelona.


Amelia Valcárcel publishes Sex and Philosophy. Publication of Feminism and Theory of Discourse by Giulia Colaizzi.


The queer group La Radical Gai is founded in Madrid.
  Creation of the women’s bookshop Pròleg in Barcelona.


Estrella de Diego publishes Sexed Androgyny. Eternal Ideals, New Strategies of Gender.


Raquel Osborne publishes The Sexual Construction of Reality. Soledad Sevilla wins the National Fine Arts Award.
Transsexual women participate for the first time in the 7th National Feminist Meetings. LSD group is founded in Madrid.
1993-1995. Second Plan for Equal Opportunities for Women. Designed to implement measures to increase real equality in the areas of education, training and employment. Mar Villaespesa curates 100% at the Contemporary Art Museum of Seville, the first show in Spain with clearly feminist content.


The feminist group Erreakzioa-Reacción is founded in Euskadi. The show Art/Woman 94 opens at the Anthropological Museum of Madrid.


Publication of 10 Key Words About Women with texts by Celia Amorós, Alicia H. Puleo, Rosa Cobo, Ana de Miguel… Isabel Tejeda curates Indefinite Territories in Elche. Eugènia Balcells has a show at the Reina Sofía Museum.
Creation of Hetaira, a group advocating rights for sex workers.


Founding of La Escalera Karakola Women’s Social Centre in Madrid. During this decade there is an emergence of several independent women’s groups involved with squatting (Mambo, Las Ováricas, Tes Tenses…).


1997-2000. 3rd Plan for Equal Opportunities for Women. Erreakzioa-Reacción organizes the workshop For your eyes only: the feminist factor in the visual arts, at Arteleku (San Sebastián).
Ana Martínez Collado creates the website about art and women.


Mar Villaespesa and Juan Vicente Aliaga curate the exhibition Transgenéric@s. Representations and Experiences of Society, Sexuality and Gender in Contemporary Spanish Art at Koldo Mitxelena in San Sebastian.


Cabello/Carceller conceive Zone F for the EACC.


Judith Butler’s Gender Trouble is translated into Castilian Spanish. Retrospective exhibition of Fina Miralles at Museu d’Art in Sabadell.
Transexualia joins the National Federation of Lesbians and Gays, which includes the “T” in its acronym (FELGT).


The first book by Beatriz Preciado, Contra-sexual Manifesto, is published in Spain. Margarita Aizpuru curates The Beautiful Gender, presented in the Community of Madrid’s exhibition spaces.
Postporn Marathon. Pornography, Postpornography. Aesthetics and Politics of Sexual Representation, directed by Beatriz Preciado, MACBA, Barcelona.
Patricia Mayayo publishes Histories of Women, History of Art.


The comprehensive law against gender-based violence is enacted after the victory of the PSOE in the elections. There is gender parity in government for the first time in Spanish democracy.


The law popularly known as the “express divorce law” is passed. Xabier Arakistain promotes Manifesto ARCO 2005, which demands public administrations to implement practical measures to achieve sexual equality in the field of art. María Corral and Rosa Martínez co-direct the 51st iteration of the Venice Biennale.
  The homosexual marriage law is passed, allowing homosexual couples to adopt children. Berta Sichel, Virginia Villaplana and Remedios Zafra organize Prison of Love. Cultural Stories of Gender Violence at MNCARS.
Ana Martínez-Collado publishes Tendenci@s. Feminist Perspectives on Contemporary Art. Carmen Navarrete, Fefa Vila and María Ruido write for Desacuerdos 2 “Trastornos para devenir- entre artes, políticas feministas y queer en el estado español”.


Under the direction of Xabier Arakistain the Montehermoso centre in Vitoria launches a clearly feminist programme.
The gender identity law is enacted. Transsexual persons can change their names on their I.D. cards. Kiss Kiss, Bang Bang: 45 Years of Art and Feminism at the Fine Arts Museum of Bilbao and The Gender Battles at the CGAC in Santiago.
The law for real equality between women and men is passed.


Creation of the Ministry of Equality during the beginning of the second term of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero’s government (abolished in October 2010). Esther Ferrer wins national fine arts award.


National Feminist Meetings of Granada 2009, 30 Years of Feminism. The association MAV (Women in the visual arts) is founded. Everywhere. Politics of Sexual Diversity in Art is opened at the CGAC.


The law of sexual and reproductive health and voluntary interruption of pregnancy known as the “abortion law” is passed.


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