In the rich tradition of feminist thought different disciplines have converged: criticism of the media, post-structuralism, psychoanalysis, queer theory and so on.
Based on these varied theoretical assumptions, since the 1960s and 70s feminism has granted central significance to the exploration of feminine identity. What does it mean to be a woman? What does it mean to act like a woman? Is it a unique reality or are there partial identities? Is it possible to invent a reality of gender, an autofiction?
The identity question has likewise been key in the approaches of the lesbian, gay and transsexual movement. In Spain the hunger for freedom that was pervasive during the post-Franco effervescence in the 1970s led to a bourgeoning of incipient alternatives to the man/woman binaries. But it was to be especially during the 1990s and the first decade of the 21st century when sexual identity began to be approached in “performative” terms: as a malleable substance, a transition or an inadequacy of the strict rules of gender. So instead of identities we should be talking about misidentifications.