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3. Sexual Division of Labour and Female Precariousness


As early as the 1960s some Spanish artists describe, with a sensitivity that could be called protofeminist, the harshness of women’s work: the exhausting monotony of housework, the long workdays of shellfish gatherers and peasants. In the following decade, the views of female creators become more political and incorporate the criticism of the sexual division of labour that the feminist movement is elaborating at the time. The aim is to bring to light (invisible and often low-paying) caretaking tasks carried out by women, but also to question the dividing line between commercial labour and reproductive labour.

Since the late 1990s economic globalization has forced us to reconsider the complexities of a job market pervaded by the confluence of capitalism, neo-colonialism and patriarchy. The works in this room remind us that growing precariousness and deregulation especially affects women, particularly migrant workers.

The exhibit is completed with the projection in the auditorium of three documentaries: A la deriva por los circuitos de la precariedad (Adrift in the Circuits of Precariousness) by Precarias a la Deriva, 2004; Ficciones anfibias (Amphibian Fictions) by María Ruido, 2005; and Doli, doli, doli…. coas conserveiras. Rexistro de traballo (Doli, doli, doli…With the Women Canners. Work Record) by Uqui Permui, 2010.

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