As the feminist writer Virginia Woolf stressed in a well known essay from 1929, A Room of One’s Own, official history has erased or disdained the contribution of women, to such an extent that female creators lack models with whom to measure themselves, a genealogy to refer to: the references provided in the canonical account are almost always male. The works brought together in this section pay tribute to the achievements of some women in the past (artists, poets, intellectuals and political activists), thus contributing to construct that “female tradition” that Woolf advocated in the 1920s. To recognize the genealogies, to insert women in them, entails challenging one of the basic patriarchal codes: the tendency to perceive every work, every contribution produced by a woman (and in general by the sexually dissident subjects or groups) as if it came from nowhere, as a pure exception within a historical development that is constructed from the male and heterosexist viewpoint. In this sense, to name, to honour, to recognize is in itself an emancipatory task. In the Spanish context, where the Civil War, exile and Francoism have contributed to obscuring and dispersing even more the cultural legacy of women, this task is especially necessary.